Suceava (pronounced Soo-chava). No idea where the name comes from. Also, there's no Hungarian or German version of it.
Suceava lies more than 350 km north of the capital →Bucharest in the northern part of Moldavia - not to be confused with the nearby →Republic of Moldova! The northern part of Moldova is called Bucovina (lit: Land of the Beeches), with Suceava being the centre of the Southern Bukovina. The Northern Bukovina now belongs to the →Ukraine. The centre of the northern part is called Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi).
Suceava stretches along the river with the same name. The Carpathian Mountains start a few kilometres to the west. The worldwide famous →Cinci Mănăstiri (Five Monasteries) are 30 to 60 away to the west.
About 120,000 inhabitants. Suceava is the largest city in the Southern Bucovina (the north-eastern corner of Romania).
The town is dominated by two rivers - one is the river Suceava flowing in a wide valley from the west to the east, the other one is the tiny river Cetăţii, which follows a deep and narrow valley from the south to the north. Many of the residential and industrial areas occupy the wide river valley and partially stretch north of the river Suceava. The old town centre lies south of the river Suceava and west of the Cetăţii. Opposite the Cetăţii, you will find the fortress on the top of a hill. However, not much is left of the old town - most buildings are relatively new and not very attractive concrete structures. This can be said about the central square Piaţa 22 Decembrie, too. The main bus station is only 300 metres away from the square. Suceava has more than one train station. The most important one is the Gara Suceava Nord, which is many kilometres away from the centre of town, so you will have to take a bus or a taxi.
Getting there / transportation
The express train (accelerat) from →Cluj-Napoca via →Vatra Dornei to →Iaşi and Galaţi stops in Suceava Nord. From Cluj, it takes more than 7 hrs (around 25 Lei, € 8), from Vatra Dornei 3 hrs (12.4 Lei), to Iasi it's less than 2 hrs (7 Lei). There are also daily direct trains to →Bucharest. Needless to say that there are also countless long-distance bus connections. There's one daily bus (no service on Sundays!) from Suceava via Botoşani to →Bălţi in the →Republic of Moldova. Additionally, there are also buses to Chernivtsi in the →Ukraine. Note that most nationalities require a visa for the Ukraine as well as for Moldova!
For detailled information on how to get to the monasteries see →Cinci Mănăstiri.
Suceava has a long and glorious history, but again - there's not much left of it. The town was first mentioned in the 14th century and became the capital of Moldavia between 1388 and 1565. Additionally, it was an important market town along the trading route between →L'viv (Lvov) and →İstanbul. From Suceava, the legendary national hero Ştefan cel Mare (Stephen the Great), living from 1457 to 1504, ruled Moldavia successfully - that period can be called Moldavia's heyday. Since 1565, Moldavia was occupied by the Ottoman Empire. In 1775, the whole Bucovina including Suceava was taken over by Habsburg ruled Austria-Hungary. The capital was moved to →Iaşi and so Suceava lost its status as the capital of the region. Since 1918, the region (including the Northern Bukovina!) was a part of the newly founded Kingdom of Romania.
|Cetatea de Scaun a Sucevei - the fortress opposite the town|
Of course, Suceava had a strong fortress in order to protect the town. The fortress was built on the top of a hill opposite the centre. It's called Cetatea de Scaun (City Fortress) and was built around the year 1388. The fortress even withstood an Ottoman attack in the year 1476. The walls were not less than 33 metrestall and 4 metres thick. Additonally, the fortress is surrounded by a deep moat. Inside the fortress it's rather narrow, but this was really a mighty stronghold. Unfortunately, the castle was blown by the Turks in 1675 and finally levelled by the Austrians in 1775. After 1944, the people tried to rebuilt parts of the fortress. You will notice a white line running along all the walls (you can see it on the picture, too). I'm not sure whether this is true, but the white line might mark the condition of the fortress as of 1944. Admission fee is 1.5 Lei. The castle provides a fine view over the town.
|St Dimitru-Church: Now without frescoes|
Almost in the centre of town, you will find the remainings of the Princely Palace from the 15th century. However, it was completely surrounded by fences (as of June 2004) so there was absolutely nothing to see. Within spitting distance, there's the Biserica Sfântu Dimitru (Church of St Dimitru), built in 1535 in the Byzantine style. Inside as well as outside, the walls were covered with frescoes, resembling the marvellous →Cinci Mănăstiri (Five Monasteries) not far from Suceava. All of the frescoes covering the outer walls virtually vanished - today, you can only guess the former beauty of the church.
|Suceava has suffered a lot from industry|
The frescoes of St Dimitru Church didn't really have a chance. The environmental pollution in and around Suceava was literally breathtaking. There are huge factories in the river valley, among them paper producing industry which is still operating. The factories produced tons of exhaust fumes and fibres. The situation has widely improved, but even now you will soon notice that the air in Suceava is not clean. During the socialist times, Suceava was one of the most heavily polluted cities in Europe. It even produced its own air-borne disease, which is referred to as the Suceava-Syndrome. But this phenomenon is not limited to Suceava - see →Yokkaichi (Japan) for another example.
|Typical well and traditional farmhouse in the Bukovina|
Suceava might be interesting for a few ours, but the surroundings of Suceava is good for staying a couple of weeks. The landscape east of Suceava around Botoşani is incredibly beautiful. And the traditional villages of the Bukovina are quite unique. Almost everthing is well maintained and colourful. Every farmhouse has a nice wooden gate with fine carvings and two entrances - the small one is for the people, the larger one for the horse carts. Draw wells are often tucked away in a small wooden hut with a tin dome on the top of it. In some roads, cars are still outnumbered by horse carts.
Although heavily frequented by coach parties, a visit to the →Cinci Mănăstiri (Five Monasteries) west of Suceava is simply a must. Suceava makes a perfect place for exploring the area.
As far as I've heard, it's possible to stay in very cheap and dirty rooms inside the bus station - from outside, it looked really drab. As for the rest, accommodation prices in Suceava seem to be much higher than in the rest of the country. A double room in Hotel Suceava set us back 11.8 Lei per night, which is almost € 15 per person. Other hotels in the vicinity aren't cheaper. But it's just fair to mention that the price is more than appropriate. Rooms come with bathroom and toilet, everything is spick and span, breakfast is included. And the location couldn't be better. Address: Str. Bălcescu 2, Tel.: (030)-521 209.
The hotel faces above-mentioned 22 Dec Square. The hotel restaurant can't be recommended. There's a travel agent on the ground floor arranging cars and drivers to tour the →Cinci Mănăstiri (Five Monasteries).
If you need a break from all the corn mush, fried meat and sheep's cheese, you might opt for Restaurant Latino opposite the bus station. The restaurant serves authentic Italian cuisine and everything tastes almost perfect. Staff is very friendly and service is good. Main dishes (and I'm not only talking about pasta and pizza) cost between 7 and 13 Lei (€ 2 - 3). The restaurant also has good wine and Italian espresso. Address: Str. Curtea Domnească 9, Tel.: 523 627.
|720057 Suceava · Mihai Viteazul Street, no. 4-6|
Number of floors:
Number of rooms: 62
Rates from: US$39
|Stop at Continental Suceava to discover the wonders of Suceava. The hotel offers guests a range of services and amenities designed to provide comfort and convenience. Take advantage of the hotel's smoking area, pets allowed, car park, meeting facilities, family room. Shower, air conditioning, television, desk, non smoking rooms can be found in each guestroom. The hotel offers various recreational opportunities. Continental Suceava is an excellent choice from which to explore Suceava or to simply relax and rejuvenate.|
|Suceava · Sofia Vicoveanca 18 Blvd.|
Number of floors: 2
Number of rooms: 11
Rates from: US$41
|Leaganul Bucovinei is a popular choice amongst travelers in Suceava, whether exploring or just passing through. Offering a variety of facilities and services, the hotel provides all you need for a good night's sleep. Facilities like bar/pub, Wi-Fi in public areas, meeting facilities, pets allowed, restaurant are readily available for you to enjoy. Guestrooms are designed to provide an optimal level of comfort with welcoming decor and convenient amenities like shower, separate shower and tub, daily newspaper, desk, television. Access to the hotel's garden will further enhance your satisfying stay. For reliable service and professional staff, Leaganul Bucovinei caters to your needs.|
|720004 Suceava · Stefan cel Mare nr. 4|
Number of floors:
Number of rooms: 30
Rates from: US$88
|Daily Plaza Hotel is perfectly located for both business and leisure guests in Suceava. The hotel offers a high standard of service and amenities to suit the individual needs of all travelers. Restaurant, tours, airport transfer, bar/pub, 24hr room service are just some of the facilities on offer. Designed for comfort, guestrooms offer bathrobes, bathtub, non smoking rooms, television LCD/plasma screen, satellite/cable TV to ensure a restful night. The hotel offers various recreational opportunities. Daily Plaza Hotel combines warm hospitality with a lovely ambiance to make your stay in Suceava unforgettable.|
- www.e-suceava.com Not much contents and in Romanian only, but this website is somehow brilliant and funny (although my Firefox had a problem with it)
- www.filadelfia.ro/albumfoto/suceava A few pictures, unfortunately without explanation, from Suceava.
Do you have or do you know a good website about Suceava? Don't hesitate, let me know! After checking it, I would love to add it to the link list. You can submit a link by using the →contact form. Note that commercial websites will be treated differently.